How to Determine the Size of a Fountain for a Pond

How to Determine the Size of a Fountain for a Pond

A water fountain in the middle of a backyard pond not only adds an interesting feature, it also helps aerate the water. Pond fountains are rated by flow rate and labeled as GPH, the number of gallons of water the fountain rotates in an hour. The GPH of a pond fountain, along with the height of the water spray, are the most important features to consider when determining what size fountain you need for your pond.

Determine the volume of your pond. If you have installed a preformed pond, refer to the owner’s manual for the total volume your pond holds. Otherwise, calculate the volume by measuring the length, width, and depth of the pond in feet and multiplying these numbers together. Then multiply the result by 7.47 to get the number of gallons your pond holds.

Measure how high you want the pond fountain to be. Measure from the bottom of the pond where you will place the fountain to the spot above the water that you would want the maximum height of the fountain to reach.

Measure the maximum diameter you would want the water spray to hit; the water should fall inside the pond and not outside it.

Read the specifications on the boxes of the pond fountain available at a pond or garden retailer. On the box you will see the fountain’s GPH rating and height of the fountain. Choose the fountain that best fits the gallons of your pond and is the right height or choose one that is rated for a pond smaller than what you have; choosing a fountain for a larger pond can make the water flow too fast for the fish in your pond. Also note how the water will spray. Fountains that have water falling straight down can work for any pond, but if the fountain sprays outward, compare the diameter to your maximum diameter measurement.